New articles




The Ancient East

  • National holidays

    National holidays have played a big role in China since ancient times. The Chinese have used the lunar calendar for millennia to determine the exact dates of national holidays. And despite the fact that after the proclamation of the People’s Republic of China it was decided to introduce a solar c...

    Читать дальше →
  • Moon calendar

    The lunar calendar, the traditional time order in China, has its roots in time immemorial. As follows from the oldest records, the basics of the lunar calendar were known to the ancestors of the Chinese already in the middle of the 2nd millennium BC. e. The final design of the Chinese lunar cale...

    Читать дальше →
  • Sumerians and Sumers until the end of the Early Dynasty

    With the advent of the Sumerians, the Ubade archaeological culture is replaced by the Uruk culture in Lower Mesopotamia (IV millennium BC AD). The Sumerians mingled with the local Subareans and assimilated them, in turn, taking over many crafts and arts from them, witnesses to which are non-Sumer...

    Читать дальше →
  • Territory and population. Ancient history of Mesopotamia.

    Mesopotamia (Greek. « Interfluve », the land between the Tigris and the Euphrates) is a wide shallow depression extending to the north-west from the Persian Gulf and limited by the Arabian Plateau, Syria, the Armenian Taurus and Zagros. The region is divided into two parts: Lower Meso...

    Читать дальше →
  • Ethnic groups of the Ancient East

    Nationalities and tribes of many language groups lived in the vast spaces of the ancient East. First of all, it is necessary to call the Afro-Asiatic (obsolete name: Semitic-Hamitic) linguistic family, which included an extensive Semitic branch with numerous subgroups, the Egyptian, Berbero-Libyan...

    Читать дальше →
  • Political system of the Ancient East

    The party-political organization of ancient Eastern societies initially has two main levels. The first, inherited from primitiveness, is associated with the community and community (community-tribal) self-government. The existence of communities is an essential feature of the history of the ancie...

    Читать дальше →
  • Some features of the economy of the Ancient East

    The main industries in which human labor is invested in Ukraine is agriculture and construction (monumental, irrigation, etc.). The economy is fundamentally natural, since every village is able to provide itself with everything necessary, and for more it will not have enough money anyway. This d...

    Читать дальше →
  • The class structure of ancient Eastern societies. Forms of operation

    The primitive society, small in size and not facing difficult tasks, is homogeneous. The development and complication of society leads to a functional separation of the power elite, access to which is found primarily by distinguished or influential members of society due to their financial situati...

    Читать дальше →
  • Ancient Indians mined music from stone.

    Archaeologists have rediscovered a giant ancient temple complex in South India, where ancient people using stones made musical sounds while performing rituals. In the Kupgal Hill complex, stones were found with unusual recesses that were made in order to extract loud ringing sounds. The monument...

    Читать дальше →
  • Monument of love in the moonlight.

    In the very near future, tourists visiting the ancient Indian complex of the Taj Mahal will be able to admire it beauty in the moonlight. This will be possible thanks to the decision of the Supreme Court of India, which lifted a twenty-year ban on nighttime excursions. Now the Taj Mahal will rece...

    Читать дальше →
  • РЎР Р Р РЇ

    The collapse of the David monarchy had the immediate consequence of the loss by the Jews of any political significance. We saw that Egypt immediately took over; however, internal affairs again distracted him from foreign policy. Other hegemonic candidates came in to replace, and first of all, th...

    Читать дальше →
  • ANCIENT IRAN AND SMALL ASIA. Part 2

    Economy Since ancient times, Urartian tribes have been breeding livestock, and this cattle breeding has long had a very primitive nomadic character. Cattle were driven away to mountain pastures for the summer, and returned to the valleys and lowlands again for the winter. The main types of domest...

    Читать дальше →
  • ANCIENT IRAN AND SMALL ASIA. Part 1

    HISTORY OF URARTU The history of the country of Urartu is of great importance for studying the life of the most ancient peoples inhabiting the territory of the Soviet Union. It is closely connected with the ancient history of the Caucasus. The state of Urartu was located on a large plateau located...

    Читать дальше →
  • China. Guessing inscriptions

    Guessing inscriptions on the bones of sacrificial animals and tortoise shields found in Xiaotun village near Anyang at the end of the last century. The oldest known monuments of Chinese writing. Dating back to the last centuries of the Yin Dynasty (1766 — 1122 BC). Go Guo, A Study of Ancie...

    Читать дальше →
  • Confucianism

    Confucianism is an ethical and political teaching that arose in ancient China 300 years after death Confucius The teachings of Confucianism had a huge impact on the development of the entire spiritual culture, political life and social system of China for over two thousand years. The foundations...

    Читать дальше →
  • Confucius

    Confucius & ndash; the main founder of the ethical-political doctrine "Confucianism" was born in the 6th century BC. from the ruler of the city of Cheuhien in the small kingdom of Lu in northern China. Confucius' father Shu Lian-hoiml two wives. From the first wife he had nine daughters, and fr...

    Читать дальше →
  • Taoism

    Taoism & ndash; one of the great world religions. Despite the fact that the foundation of Taoism was laid back in the IV century. BC e., the philosopher of Ancient China Lao Tzu, who wrote the famous treatise " Tao de Ching ", as a developed religious trend, Taoism began to take shape...

    Читать дальше →
  • Lao Tzu

    Lao-tzu (aka - Li Er) - a philosopher who lived in VI . BC er in ancient China. It is considered the founder of Taoism, although in its present form Taoism has very little in common with the philosophy of Lao Tzu, as the latter has undergone various kinds of additions, changes and distortions....

    Читать дальше →
  • Religions of China

    Religions of China never existed in the form of a rigidly centralized « church ». The traditional religion of ancient China was a mixture of local beliefs and peculiar ceremonies, united into a single whole by the universal theoretical constructions of pundits. Nevertheless, among the...

    Читать дальше →
  • china story

    The history of China begins from the time of the legendary ruler Fu Xi, who lived 30 — 40 centuries before beginning of our era. Presumably, the gods inspired him to write the holy book of Ancient China И Ijing ’, from which the theory that the physical Universe arose and develops due to th...

    Читать дальше →
  • Religion Buddhism

    Religion Buddhism originated in ancient India, as an attempt to answer the question about the purpose of human existence and going beyond suffering. Buddhism teaches that under the influence of human actions, his being is constantly changing. By doing bad, he reaps disease, poverty, and humiliat...

    Читать дальше →
  • buddhism philosophy

    The philosophy of Buddhism was born by the very spirit of Ancient India, which by that time had the most a rich world culture of searching for « truth » - search for spiritual liberation, enlightenment. This culture has been created for centuries by forest hermits, yogis and ascetics...

    Читать дальше →
  • From € РёРІР °

    Shiva is among the three main deities of Hinduism & ndash; Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. All three gods are a manifestation of a single divine essence, but each is assigned a certain "field of activity". So, Brahma is the creator of the world, Vishnu — his keeper, Shiva — his destroyer...

    Читать дальше →
  • Buddhism

    Buddhism — one of the first religions to achieve worldwide recognition. Other world religions — Christianity and Islam — appeared much later (Christianity — five, Islam — twelve centuries later). Starting the countdown of its existence in Ancient India, for two an...

    Читать дальше →
  • Aryan civilization

    Aryan civilization made its cultural contribution not only to the development of all of Eurasia, but also of ancient India . Initially, Aryan civilization consisted of disparate nomadic tribes, justifying their city-states throughout Eurasia. The largest number of settlements of the ancient Arya...

    Читать дальше →
  • mohenjo daro

    City of Mohenjo-Daro (letters translated from the Hindi language — " hill of the dead & quot ;), was discovered in 1922 by the Indian archaeologist R. Banerjee. According to archaeological excavations and research, Mahenjo-Daro was formed in the Indus Valley more than 5000 years ago an...

    Читать дальше →
  • The culture of ancient India

    The culture of Ancient India in its source is inextricably linked with the Harappan civilization of the preceding Aryan. In III — II millennium BC. e., and possibly earlier in the Indus Valley, there was one of the greatest civilizations of antiquity. Science learned about this little-know...

    Читать дальше →
  • The Riddle of the Chinese Pyramids

    In the Celestial Empire, as China has long been called, there are many amazing mountains that « prop & it is the sky. Say, the highest and vast Tibetan plateau in the world and the high-altitude pole of the Earth - Jomolungma. But there are other hills, which now amaze the world, and will ...

    Читать дальше →
  • Ancient civilizations of Japan

    Japanese scientist studying underwater rock formations off the coast of Japan claims to be traces of the Asian counterpart Atlantis, an ancient civilization swallowed by the ocean 3,000 years ago. Marine geologist Masaaki Kimura says he recognized the ruins of the city off the coast of Yonaguni Is...

    Читать дальше →
  • Chinese pyramids

    According to ancient Chinese legend, more than a hundred pyramids built in this country indicate visiting of our planet by aliens from other worlds. At the very beginning of the century, two Australian traders found themselves on the vast plains of Sichuan in central China. Here they discovered ...

    Читать дальше →
  • The oldest civilization of Iran. Elam.

    In IV-III millennium BC the territory of ancient Iran was rather densely populated by related tribes of similar origin to their eastern neighbors, the Dravids of the Indus Valley. The statehood among them was first passed by the tribes of the country that occupied the south-west of Iran, Elam (th...

    Читать дальше →